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1 06.06.2017 Current Issues
Focus Germany: Strong economy supports Merkel’s re-election chances
Zusammenfassung: After Q1’s sturdy 0.6% qoq GDP growth, soft indicators do not signal any moderation of the growth momentum. Employment in 2017 so far, has been expanding at similar clip as in 2016, making our 1% consumption forecast for 2017 quite conservative. Exports have rebounded in the winter half – in line with global trade. The growth momentum of global trade seems to have peaked; therefore, we remain cautious, predicting 3.6% German export growth in 2017 after 2.7% last year. In combination with lingering geo-political uncertainty this will weigh on investment spending, where a utilization rate of 2pp above its long-term average suggests a still limited necessity to invest. Following Q1 GDP growth of 0.6% we have revised our 2017 GDP forecast to 1.3% (1.1%). Latest confidence surveys, however, hint at further upside potential and increasing risks of over-heating for 2018. Political observers in Germany have recently been focusing on the SPD’s ups and downs in the polls and the CDU’s reverse showing while smaller parties are fighting for public attention. From the present point of view (polls) a Jamaica coalition is the sole arithmetically feasible alternative to a renewed grand coalition after the September election. (Further topics: German industrial output – forecast for 2017; Corporate funding in Q1 – lending)
Themen: Automobilindustrie; Banken; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Deutschland; Europäische Fragen; Globale Finanzmärkte; Handel; Internationale Kapitalmärkte; Konjunktur; Makroökonomie; Politik und Wahlen; Preise, Inflation; Wechselkurse; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftswachstum
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2 05.05.2017 Current Issues
Focus Germany: Positive signs
Zusammenfassung: Growth in global trade almost stagnated at just 1.3% in 2016, and in some months was even negative. During winter, global trade picked up again, rising by around 3% compared to the same period a year earlier. Given the positive sentiment prevailing across the globe, this rebound could well continue. However, this trend is not yet being fully reflected in other hard economic indicators, usually highly correlated with global trade, and sentiment may therefore overstate the actual trend a little. Still, our simple model of world trade, which suggests moderate growth of just over 2% in 2017 and around 3% in 2018 might represent the lower limit of the forecast range. However, compared to previous cycles the upturn could remain weak, not least because of the global trade restrictions that have been progressively ratcheted up since 2008. (Further articles: Germany’s employment miracle, German election campaign not in full swing, yet)
Themen: Arbeitsmarkt; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Deutschland; Handel; Konjunktur; Makroökonomie; Politik und Wahlen; Preise, Inflation; Realwirt. Trends; Wechselkurse; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftswachstum
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3 28.04.2017 Talking Point
Diesel: prematurely written off?
Zusammenfassung: The diesel scandal and political uncertainty surrounding future regulation are the main reasons why the proportion of vehicle registrations accounted for by diesel cars has slumped recently in Germany and most other EU countries. If the automotive industry wants to continue to rely on diesel technology, it needs to regain credibility and get to grips with the issue of emissions – including in real-world driving conditions. If it doesn't manage to do this, lawmakers are likely to progressively tighten the regulatory framework for diesel cars. However, should the industry succeed in bringing to market clean diesel cars at affordable prices, these cars would remain the most economical option for a large proportion of motorists – at least until alternative drive technologies become competitive from the customer perspective. This would make current proclamations of the death of diesel somewhat premature.
Themen: Automobilindustrie; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Deutschland; Energiepolitik; Nachhaltigkeit; Natürliche Ressourcen; Umweltpolitik; Verkehrspolitik; Wirtschaftspolitik
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4 27.04.2017 Aktueller Kommentar
Diesel: Totgesagte leben länger?
Zusammenfassung: Der Diesel-Skandal sowie politische Unsicherheiten über die künftige Regulierung sind maßgeblich dafür, dass der Anteil von Diesel-Autos an den Pkw-Neuzulassungen in Deutschland und in den meisten anderen EU-Ländern zuletzt deutlich gesunken ist. Will die Automobilindustrie weiter auf die Diesel-Technologie setzen, muss sie die Schadstoffproblematik auch im realen Fahrbetrieb glaubhaft in den Griff bekommen. Gelingt dies nicht, dürfte der Gesetzgeber die regulatorischen Rahmenbedingungen für Diesel-Autos Schritt für Schritt verschlechtern. Schafft es die Branche jedoch, saubere Diesel-Pkw zu wirtschaftlich vertretbaren Preisen auf den Markt zu bringen, werden diese Autos für einen großen Teil der Autofahrer solange lukrativ sein, bis alternative Antriebstechnologien aus Sicht des Kunden wettbewerbsfähig sind. Der aktuelle Abgesang auf die Diesel-Technologie käme dann zu früh.
Themen: Automobilindustrie; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Deutschland; Energiepolitik; Nachhaltigkeit; Natürliche Ressourcen; Umweltpolitik; Verkehrspolitik; Wirtschaftspolitik
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5 21.04.2017 Aktueller Kommentar
Altersarmut – kein Anlass für rückwärtsgerichtete Rentenpolitik
Zusammenfassung: Im aufziehenden Bundestagswahlkampf streiten viele Sozialpolitiker für armutsfeste gesetzliche Renten. Kritik entzündet sich dabei primär am sinkenden Rentenniveau, das immer mehr Ältere in die Armut treibe. Die Protagonisten fordern deswegen eine neue, höhere Haltelinie für das Rentenniveau. Zudem plädieren viele dafür, die Renten langjährig versicherter Geringverdiener aufzustocken. Altersarmut ist aber kein aktuelles Problem. Und auch für die Zukunft gehen die Forderungen fehl.
Themen: Altersvorsorge; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; Deutschland; Sozialpolitik; Wirtschaftspolitik
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6 07.04.2017 Aktuelle Themen
Ausblick Deutschland: Öffentliche Investitionen und Wohnungsbau ziehen an
Zusammenfassung: Öffentliche Investitionen: Mehr in der Pipeline. In der internationalen Debatte werden öffentliche Investitionen vielfach als nützlicher Hebel für eine höhere Binnennachfrage gesehen. Trotz internationaler Kritik und politischer Willensbekundung sind die öffentlichen Investitionen in Deutschland in den letzten zwei Jahren nur moderat gestiegen. In den kommenden Jahren dürften die öffentlichen Investitionen jedoch spürbar zulegen.
Themen: Arbeitsmarkt; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Brexit; Deutschland; Europäische Fragen; Geldpolitik; Globalisierung; Handel; Immobilien; Konjunktur; Makroökonomie; Politik und Wahlen; Preise, Inflation; Sozio-ökon. Trends; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftswachstum
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7 06.04.2017 Current Issues
Focus Germany: Investment: Public, residential – gradually picking up
Zusammenfassung: In international debate public investment is often regarded as a useful lever for promoting higher domestic demand. Despite international criticism and political declarations of intent, public investment in Germany has only increased moderately over the past two years and has remained average, at best, on an international scale. In the coming years, however, public investment is expected to grow significantly. The current investment plans for the federal budget are 40% higher than those adopted in 2013. Public contracts for the construction industry in 2016 were between 15 and 27% above the average of the previous 10 years. The excellent state of the public finances at the various government levels also supports the prospect of increasing investment growth. However, severe capacity shortages in the construction industry are likely to mean that the high demand for investment will not quickly lead to an increase in construction activity. (Further articles: German housing market, Corporate bond boom in Germany, Result of the Saarland election)
Themen: Arbeitsmarkt; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Brexit; Deutschland; Europäische Fragen; Geldpolitik; Globalisierung; Handel; Immobilien; Konjunktur; Makroökonomie; Politik und Wahlen; Preise, Inflation; Wechselkurse; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftswachstum
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8 23.03.2017 EU Monitor (Engl.)
Who is afraid of populists?
Zusammenfassung: With developments in the UK and the US, populism was a key theme in 2016. But does the perception of 2016 as “the year of the populists” really fit for Europe? A closer look suggests that while populism was an omnipresent theme in public discourse, support for populist parties in polls rather remained stable and elections did not translate into outright populist wins. The rise of populist parties has however been a multi-year trend. Populists can affect national politics in various ways. One possible effect is that forming a government (coalition) often gets more complicated and time-consuming and results in more fragile governments. Another is populists’ potential impact on policy discussions’ style and content. Pursuing policies with long-term benefits but which are often not instantly popular becomes more difficult ‒ both at the national and the European level.
Themen: Brexit; Europäische Fragen; Europäische Integration; Europapolitik; Politik und Wahlen; Wirtschaftspolitik
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9 09.03.2017 Current Issues
Focus Germany: Growth and inflation leave ECB still unfazed
Zusammenfassung: At face value the pick-up of GDP growth at the end of 2016 (Q4: +0.4% qoq vs. +0.1% prev.) seems to fit with improving sentiment. However, given its composition we would argue that underlying growth was weaker than the headline suggests. We stick to our below consensus GDP forecast for 2017 (1.1%) and only make cosmetic changes in the details. We are raising our inflation forecast slightly overall for 2017, from 1.6% to 1.7%, compared with only 0.5% in 2016. We still expect core inflation to be only slightly above 1% in 2017. If the signs of global price increases are confirmed, then we could in fact see a more pronounced increase in core inflation, particularly if rising prices translate into second-round effects when wage negotiations are conducted in 2018. (Further articles: German industry, German election campaign)
Themen: Arbeitsmarkt; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Brexit; Deutschland; Europäische Fragen; Geldpolitik; Globalisierung; Handel; Konjunktur; Makroökonomie; Politik und Wahlen; Preise, Inflation; Wechselkurse; Wirtschaftspolitik; Wirtschaftswachstum
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10 14.02.2017 Talking Point
False start for electric cars – dilemma facing the automotive industry and the state
Zusammenfassung:  In 2016, electric cars and hybrids represented only 1.8% of all new passenger car registrations in Germany. It therefore remains a niche market – despite the introduction of subsidies last year. The average car buyer steers clear of electric vehicles because of high purchase costs, uncertainty about resale value and battery life, limited range, a lack of charging stations and lengthy charging times. This reluctance to buy presents the automotive industry and the state with a dilemma: strict CO2 limits for new vehicles mean that the industry has to invest heavily in electric-car technology, but it cannot expect an equivalent payback in terms of revenue in the foreseeable future. For the state, it can come down to a straight choice between granting expensive subsidies or failing to reach climate change targets.
Themen: Automobilindustrie; Branchen / Rohstoffe; Deutschland; Energiepolitik; Innovation; Nachhaltigkeit; Technologie und Innovation; Umweltpolitik; Verkehr; Verkehrspolitik; Wirtschaftspolitik
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